Deonar Landfill Fire | Suhas Dixit | Pyrocrat Systems Review

Following satellite images dated January 2016 form NASA show the landfill site fire at Deonar, Mumbai. The landfill fire caused serious drip in air quality & smog around the city for several days. Pyrocrat Systems review the causes of the fire.

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Why Landfill Site Catches Fire?

A landfill fire occurs when waste dumped of in a landfill site ignites & fire spreads. In landfills that do not cover their waste with daily cover of soil, biological decomposition creates substantial heat & methane. This flammable combination of heat and methane gas cause materials in the landfills to spontaneously ignite.

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Landfill methane & fire

What most of us do not know is: Municipal Solid Waste disposed of in landfill generates 2 to 15 kg of “landfill gas” per metric ton of waste per year. Landfill gas generally contains 45-60% methane and 45-60% of Carbon Dioxide. Methane is 25 to 30 times more potent green house gas and contributes marginally to global worming. Methane generated from landfill sites is highly flammable. Typically the landfill site has about 100 to 300 feet height of garbage stacked over area of several hectors. Such a huge mass of garbage generates hundreds of kilograms of methane every day. Thousands of kilograms of methane remains trapped several feet below surface, waiting to ignite.

Pyrocrat Systems Review on Preventive Mearures

Large scale landfill fires indicate lack of following preventive measures:

  1. Scientific Waste Management: Effective segregation, material  recovery and composting of daily municipal solid waste. Government of India has established MSW Rules 2000 for effective management and handling of municipal solid waste. Machinery and Technology is now available to recycle up to 80% of municipal solid waste. This ensures that only 20% quantity of waste reaches landfill site & thereby reduce the fire risk and landfill emission by 80%.
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  2. Cover the landfill with scientific layer of rock bed, geo-textile and soil. Drill methane capture wells in the landfill sites to collect underground methane to fire/explosion.pyrocrat systems review
  3. Methane Capture and Flaring/Utilization: The landfill gas must be captured using a scientifically proven methods to prevent landfill fires. Captured methane can be used for power generation.
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  4. Bio-remediation and scientific landfill site closure: Bio-remediation is the use of biological methods to degrade, disintegrate, transform and/or eliminate contaminants from municipal solid waste. Bio-remediation is a natural process that utilizes the normal life functions of bacteria, fungi & plants. Bio-remediation and scientific closure of landfill site is essential to prevent fire and emission of hazardous landfill gas.
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suhas dixit review pyrocrat review

Waste Management at Construction Site

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waste management at construction site

Development organizations and venture supervisors comprehend the significance of a waste management system. For certain , the development segment – in charge of 33% of all waste in the India and 45% of its carbon emanations – is a key concentration for the Government.

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Pyrocrat Systems bags waste management project in Africa

Pyrocrat Systems ReviewMumbai, October 29: Pyrocrat Systems LLP, India’s leading developer & manufacturer of municipal solid waste management machinery ventured into African market. Pyrocrat is become the first Indian company to discuss with Government of Burundi to set up one of the largest waste management project in a Public Private Partnership (PPP) basis. The project will be in similar to company’s present project to manage 300 tons per day of Navi Mumbai’s solid waste. Read more

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Mr Suhas Dixit Review on “Waste Management & Plastic Pyrolysis” Pyrocrat Systems LLP

The evening of 26th August 2015 Mr. Suhas Dixit, Director of Pyrocrat Systems LLP delivered A Speech on “Sustainable Waste Management”. His review was received positively by the audience including 15 Ambassadors and High Commissions of African Nations.

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Mr Suhas Dixit mentioned in his speech that the waste management is essential part of building smart cities of tomorrow. Effective waste management can help city recycle more than 70 to 80% of municipal solid waste to manufacture high quality compost, refuse derived fuel, recyclable materials and energy. Municipal solid waste is mixture of products discarded by the general population and if these products are segregated, they can be recycled or reused for energy production. Mostly the current waste management projects in Africa and India failed due to faulty machinery & technology that are not segregate waste. Pyrocrat Systems LLP has developed machines for effective Municipal Solid Waste Segregation, Composting & Material Recovery. Plastic recovered from Municipal solid waste can be reused to manufacture industrial diesel using Plastic Pyrolysis Plants. Pyrocrat Systems LLP has developed machinery for effective segregation, composting, recycling and energy recovery from Municipal Solid Waste.

Pyrocrat Systems LLP currently has multiple waste management projects operationalsuhas dixit review pyrocrat systems review wherein waste plastic is converted into industrial diesel for energy recovery. Once of such solid waste management projects is operational in Navi Mumbai managing 300,000kg per day of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) of Navi Mumbai and Panvel cities. He said that like in most of Africa, waste is not segregated at source in India. Pyrocrat has developed unique and patent pending technology to recycle MSW that is not segregated at source. All of the African Ambassadors have not only appreciated the technology and the solutions provided but also were very keen on utilizing these waste management facilities in their countries. All speakers stressed on need to work together for effective waste management for better and greener tomorrow.

The evening marked a step ahead towards further enhancement of Indo-Africa Trade by means of waste management couples with plastic and tire pyrolysis solutions by Pyrocrat Systems LLP.

Brighter future of waste management in India

The new Government is actively creating environment to promote quality and investments in field of waste management. They are drafting new rules for managing waste more effectively than ever before!

Given below is the draft of Proposed MSW Management and Handling Rules 2015 with comments from Pyrocrat’s Experts:

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FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions about MSW Management

  1. What is a MSW segregation plant?C

MSW or Municipal solid waste refers to commercial and residential wastes generated in municipal or notified areas in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical waste. A Municipal solid waste segregation machine can convert waste to energy to generate electricity as per norms of Municipal Solid Waste Rules 2000.

  1. What is meant by Municipal solid waste?

Municipal solid waste refers to waste from garbage collected through community sanitation services. For example food waste, green waste, paper, plastics, fabrics, metals, glass etc.

  1. What kind of waste can be used in a MSW segregation plant?

Any municipal waste containing carbon will be suitable and the types of wastes that can be accepted is solid waste that meets the heavy metal criteria for Class III landfill in the Landfill Waste Classification and Waste Definition 1996 (amended 2009) and liquid waste that has less than 1% halogen content.  For example,

  • Municipal solid waste food waste, market waste, yard wastes, plastics, residential, commercial and industrial sources. Few examples are mentioned below.
  • Biodegradable waste – green waste, food and kitchen waste, paper etc.
  • Recyclable materials – glass, bottles, paper, plastic, clothes etc.
  • Inert waste – construction waste, dirt, rocks, debris etc.
  • Electrical and electronic waste – electrical appliances, TVs, computers, screens etc.
  • Composite wastes – waste clothing, Tetra Packs, waste plastics such as toys.
  1. What are the benefits of settings up a MSW segregation plant?

The facility can provide electrical power to numerous households and will help to generate renewable energy which will greatly reduce the state’s dependence on fossil fuels. Greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced by producing renewable electricity from waste instead of landfilling it.

 

  1. Where will the project be located?

The requirements for a MSW segregation plant are as below.

  • Access to major existing power infrastructure.
  • Location within estate’s power generation precinct.
  • Proximity to major regional waste sources.
  • Good separation from the nearest residential land (approximately 6 Km).
  1. What is the scope of this project?

The Government is very supportive of this project and will both supply waste to and will receive power from the waste to energy project. The project is looked upon as a key to the future waste management plans of the Council.